Paul's Blog

A collection of notes and stuff I find interesting

Fixing a NodeJS Digital Envelope Routines Error

2022-11-08 2 min read Development NodeJS

In my journey to learn Rust, I’ve decided to pick up this book called “Practical Rust Web Projects” by Shing Lyu.

In the last chapter, you walk through an example of packaging a WebAssembly module using wasm-pack and using the .wasm binary in a NodeJS application. On the step where I needed to compile the application, I ran into the following error:

$ npm run build

> create-wasm-app@0.1.0 build
> webpack --config webpack.config.js

node:internal/crypto/hash:71
  this[kHandle] = new _Hash(algorithm, xofLen);
                  ^

Error: error:0308010C:digital envelope routines::unsupported
    at new Hash (node:internal/crypto/hash:71:19)
    at Object.createHash (node:crypto:133:10)
    at module.exports (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/webpack/lib/util/createHash.js:135:53)
    at NormalModule._initBuildHash (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/webpack/lib/NormalModule.js:417:16)
    at handleParseError (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/webpack/lib/NormalModule.js:471:10)
    at /Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/webpack/lib/NormalModule.js:503:5
    at /Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/webpack/lib/NormalModule.js:358:12
    at /Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/loader-runner/lib/LoaderRunner.js:373:3
    at iterateNormalLoaders (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/loader-runner/lib/LoaderRunner.js:214:10)
    at Array.<anonymous> (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/loader-runner/lib/LoaderRunner.js:205:4)
    at Storage.finished (/Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/enhanced-resolve/lib/CachedInputFileSystem.js:43:16)
    at /Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/enhanced-resolve/lib/CachedInputFileSystem.js:79:9
    at /Users/paul/repos/Apress/practical-rust-web-projects/Ch06/hello-wasm/client/node_modules/graceful-fs/graceful-fs.js:78:16
    at FSReqCallback.readFileAfterClose [as oncomplete] (node:internal/fs/read_file_context:68:3) {
  opensslErrorStack: [ 'error:03000086:digital envelope routines::initialization error' ],
  library: 'digital envelope routines',
  reason: 'unsupported',
  code: 'ERR_OSSL_EVP_UNSUPPORTED'
}

Node.js v18.7.0

After a bit of Googling, I ran across someone suggesting to run the following command:

$ export NODE_OPTIONS=--openssl-legacy-provider

Then run the build command again, and it should all compile.

$ npm run build

> create-wasm-app@0.1.0 build
> webpack --config webpack.config.js

Hash: 1707689247fe60c788af
Version: webpack 4.42.0
Time: 67ms
Built at: 11/08/2022 7:50:56 PM
                           Asset       Size  Chunks                         Chunk Names
                  0.bootstrap.js   5.31 KiB       0  [emitted]
7e852f2346d8cc54b57a.module.wasm  296 bytes       0  [emitted] [immutable]
                    bootstrap.js     11 KiB    main  [emitted]              main
                      index.html  297 bytes          [emitted]
Entrypoint main = bootstrap.js
[../pkg/hello_wasm.js] 81 bytes {0} [built]
[../pkg/hello_wasm_bg.js] 784 bytes {0} [built]
[../pkg/hello_wasm_bg.wasm] 270 bytes {0} [built]
[./bootstrap.js] 279 bytes {main} [built]
[./index.js] 51 bytes {0} [built]
[./node_modules/webpack/buildin/harmony-module.js] (webpack)/buildin/harmony-module.js 573 bytes {0} [built]

This is definitely not the proper fix in a production scenario, but good enough to get me through the example 😉

Cheers!